ST-4: CIRCULATION, CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE
The general circulation of the Indian Ocean is the least understood of all of the open ocean basins. This is due to the fact that the Indian Ocean surface and deep currents are more complex and variable compared to the other ocean basins. The monsoon winds drive the seasonally reversing surface currents of the northern part of the Indian Ocean. The southern part of the basin, south of 10°S to the Subtropical Convergence, is centered on the zone of subtropical high atmospheric pressure, which forms a continuous belt around the globe during the Southern Hemisphere winter. The global thermohaline circulation includes the transport of warm, relatively fresh upper-ocean waters from the Pacific through the Indonesian Seas to the Indian Ocean. Climatic phenomena such as the East Asian monsoon, the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) exert a strong influence on the transport, water properties and vertical stratification of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF).
The IIOE-2 Science Plan has identified three core questions of relevance to the Indian Ocean circulation and climate variability that call for the attention of the IIOE-2 scientific community:
- How has the atmospheric and ocean circulation of the Indian Ocean changed in the past and how will it change in the future?
- How do these changes relate to topography and connectivity with the Pacific, Atlantic and Southern oceans?
- What impact does this have on biological productivity, carbon cycling and fisheries?
The ST-4 is coordinated by a Committee co-chaired by Dr. Helen Phillips (firstname.lastname@example.org)at the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, and Dr. Amit Tandon (email@example.com), Professor at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. The composition of the Committee is:
|Dr. Helen Phillips
|Australia||Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania.
|Dr. Amit Tandon
|USA||University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.
|Dr. Ming Feng||Australia||CSIRO, WA 6010, Australia
|Dr. Helen Elizabeth Phillips||Australia||Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania.
|Prof. Yue Fang||China||First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, China.
|Dr. Tarek Mohamed Ahmed El-Geziry||Egypt||National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries (NIOF), Alexandria, Egypt.
|Dr. B. Praveen Kumar||India||INCOIS, Hyderabad, India.
|Dr. Iskhaq Iskandar||Indonesia||University of Sriwijaya, Sumatra Selatan, Indonesia.
|Dr. Motoki Nagura||Japan||JAMSTEC, Kanagawa, Japan
|Mr. Balla P. Magero||Kenya||Kenya Meteorological Department, Kenya.
|Dr. Emily Shroyer||USA||Oregon State University, USA.