[IIOE2-EP28] Responses of Biological Productivity and Fisheries to Changes in Atmospheric and Oceanographic Conditions in the Upwelling Region Associated with the East African Coastal Current (PEACC)

Lead Investigator and other key participant (s):

  1. Dr. Shigalla Mahongo, Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute, Dar es Salaam
  2. Dr. Issufo Halo, Cape Peninsular University of Technology, South Africa
  3. Dr. Margareth Kyewalyanga, Institute of Marine Sciences, Univ. of Dar es Salaam
  4. Dr. Joseph Kamau, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Kenya
  5. Dr. Albogast Kamukuru, Univ. of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  6. Dr. Joseph Sululu, Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute, Tanzania
  7. Dr. Baraka Sekadende, Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute, Tanzania
     barakasekadende@ tafiri.go.tz
  8. Dr. Rose Mwaipopo, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
     ahobokile@ udsm.ac.tz
  9. Dr. Philip Sagero, Kenya Meteorological Department, Kenya
  10. Dr. Jacob Ochiewo, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Kenya
  11. Dr. Fridah Munyi, Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Kenya
  12. Dr. Salome Shayo, Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute, Tanzania
  13. Dr. Majuto Manyilizu, The Univerity of Dodoma, Tanzania
  14. Dr. Louisia Evans, Exeter University, UK
  15. Dr. Marisol Garcia-Reyes, Farallon Institute for Advanced Ecosystem Research, USA

Period of Project: July 2016 to June 2018

Brief description of the Project:

This project seeks to investigate the ecosystem impacts of meteorological and oceanographic conditions in the upwelling region associated with the East African Coastal Current (EACC) system. A key aspect of the study is the socio-economic impact, thus emphasis is placed in establishing the vulnerability and resilience of the local communities in view of proposing viable options. The main intervention by this project is the provision of management action points to enhance coastal community resilience to vulnerabilities associated with these changes. The intervention will be informed by two key research studies: 1) Investigations of the upwelling trends and assessment of associated productivity and fisheries changes, and 2) Determination of the socio-economic impact and documentation of associated coastal governance structures. Our linked objectives are designed to illuminate factors leading to societal resilience and to build the capacity of the fisheries dependent communities to develop resilient strategies in the face of changes in biophysical characteristics associated with upwelling.

Region of study

The study area encompasses the East African Coastal Current upwelling system off the coasts of Kenya and Tanzania. It basically extends from 38.45oE to 42oE, and from 1.65oS near the Kenyan border with Somalia to 10.45S near the Tanzanian border with Mozambique. This area encompasses the three major islands of Mafia, Zanzibar (locally known as Unguja) and Pemba. In terms of in-situ sampling, fisheries and primary productivity data are being collected off the western side of the Pemba Channel in Tanga, Tanzania, and in the North Kenya Bank, Kenya. In socio-economics, data is collected from three coastal village sites in Tanga, Tanzania and three sites in Lamu and Kilifi in Kenya, respectively.

Region of study